Tap vs. Filtered: What is Healthier?

Tap water is the water that comes directly out of the tap, cialis usa or faucet, viagra usa in your house. Passing water through a filter reduces the level of many contaminants, making filtered water healthier to drink. Municipalities in the United States are generally required to provide water with contaminant levels below those specified by the Food and Drug Administration. A filtered water dispenser also offers additional advantages over tap water.

Filtration

A rapid sand filter is the most common type of water filter. This type of filter generally consists of two layers. The top layer is composed of activated carbon, which removes organic compounds that can give the water an unpleasant taste. The bottom layer in a rapid sand filter is composed of sand. This layer traps particles in the spaces between the grains of sand or causes the particles to adhere directly to the sand grains.

The consumer generally cleans a water filter by quickly passing the water through the filter in the opposite direction of the normal flow. This process is commonly known as back washing or back flushing. Back washing removes the particles embedded in the filter, which may then be discarded along with the sludge in the sedimentation reservoir. Some cleaning procedures also require compressed air to be blown through the filter prior to back washing to dislodge the contaminants.

Contaminants

Water may contain many contaminants which are harmful in sufficient concentration, although the FDA does not establish maximum allowable levels for every contaminant. Contaminant levels can vary according to temperature, especially pH level. The standard temperature for measuring contaminants in water is 25 degrees Celsius.

The FDA has not established a maximum contaminant level for calcium carbonate, calcium, magnesium or potassium. Crystal Rock Premium water contains 7 milligrams per milliliter (mg/L) of calcium carbonate, which is a common measure of alkalinity in water. The concentration of calcium in Crystal Rock water is 5.7 mg/L, the concentration of magnesium is 2.8 mg/L and the concentration of potassium is 5.8 mg/L.

The FDA has established maximum contaminant levels for chlorides, zinc and total dissolved solids. The maximum level allowed by the FDA for chlorides is 250 mg/L, whereas the level of chlorides in Crystal Rock water is 18 mg/L. The maximum level allowed for zinc is 5.0 mg/L, while the level of zinc in Crystal Rock water is 0.02 mg/L. The concentration of total dissolved solids allowed in water is 500 mg/L, and the level of total dissolved solids in Crystal Rock water is 60 mg/L.

pH

pH is a measure of water’s alkalinity/acidity. The range of the pH scale is 0 to 14, with 0 representing a completely acidic solution and 14 representing a completely alkaline solution. A completely neutral solution therefore has a pH of 7.0. The FDA allows water to have a pH range of 6.5 to 8.5, while Crystal Rock water has a pH of 7.1.

Weight

A gallon of water weighs about 8 pounds, which can be a significant factor when transporting it. A 5-gallon container of water therefore weighs 40 pounds, in addition to the weight of the container. A water delivery service relieves the customer of the need to lift, carry and store containers of water. A water cooler is especially convenient when compared to the difficulty of buying water at a warehouse store with other groceries.